Linux zieht um

Linux Migration from one Server to an other.

Source System on sda1, swap on sda2
Migrationsspace (USB-HD) to sdb1

singel user mode or boot from a life CD

init 1 

Create Tar File on a USB-HD (sdb1)

mount /dev/sdb1 /media
cd /
tar --one-file-system -cpf /media/system.tar *

Go to new System! (Live-CD)

Migrationsspace (USB-HD) to sdb1
Target System on sda1, swap on sda2

Make Target System Partition

fdisk /dev/sda    (sda1 & sda2)
mkfs.ext4 /dev/sda1
mkswap /dev/sda2

Mount Filesystem

mount /dev/sdb1 /media   (USB-HD)
mount /dev/sda1 /mnt

Extract Tar

cd /mnt
tar -xf /media/system.tar

Fix fstab if using UUID's

ls -l /dev/disk/by-uuid/
vi /etc/fstab

Chroot and grubinstall

mount -t proc none /mnt/proc
mount -o bind /dev /mnt/dev
chroot /mnt
grub-install /dev/sda